Never say never. This piece isn’t to persuade you to flat out put aside your efforts for external funding. The world is still spinning, albeit amidst a full-blown pandemic. But if ever there was a time to look internally for value first, this would be it.
COVID-19 did not spare the investment and venture capital (VC) space. There is less interest in putting money out there and more risk averse behaviour towards spending of any kind. This is true all over the world. This coronavirus has not been fully figured out and most investors and VC’s would prefer to wait to see how things pan out before leaping back into the game.
I’ve been reading on how COVID-19 has affected international diplomacy. It hits me now that it’ll reduce the preferred face-to-face due diligence processes that most investors and VC’s like to undertake. When flying out is not the first choice, foreign investors will opt for local investment opportunities on their turf rather.
Don’t even get me started on company valuations. I mean, who knows anymore. Multimillion corporations have been reduced to dust during this pandemic. Apropos that, who can tell what’s worth what within the startup space in a time like this. But it’s definitely not the end of the world, literally. So, in the current times and space where things are not looking so good, I believe what we’re saying is LOOK WITHIN.
Enjoy the following article, written by Simon Turner, Project Operations Officer at MEST Africa, and Marco Rovagnati, Founder of Poapoa.
All too often we see startups obsessing over funding, especially when they’ve only just started out. Funding is seen as a holy grail, the solution to all problems and too often considered the only measure of success. This is a common pitfall for entrepreneurs, all the way from Silicon Valley (USA) to Yabacon valley (Nigeria).
When it comes to the African continent, it’s not surprising that we have the tendency of putting capital on a pedestal, given the challenges that entrepreneurs face when accessing finance. As humans we crave what we can’t have, which is why we must beware of red herrings.
ALSO READ: Entrepreneurship funds in Africa: distinguishing the good from the bad
Funding will not solve all of your problems. In this article we are going to debunk some of the myths around funding, emphasize the importance of bootstrapping for the early growth of your business, and give you a set of guidelines to understand whether you are truly ready to raise capital and how to make sure your business is in the shape to do so.
Obtaining funding does not guarantee success or prevent failure, and as soon as you acquire funding, you also have to manage other people’s interests and agendas. You become beholden to people who want to make their money back (at considerable multiples). Some cynics would argue that once you raise money you basically end up working for someone else, so why are you in business?
What are the values driving you? For example, if you are pursuing entrepreneurship because you seek freedom and flexibility then accessing institutional funding (e.g. from a VC), might not be for you as it will turn your dream of freedom into a full time job with targets and accountability.
If you are extremely ambitious and driven to build the next tech unicorn, you need to prove that your idea can work and generate cash (also known as MVP, Minimum Viable Product). To achieve this, you don’t need millions of dollars but a few thousands will take you great lengths.
So, how do you get your first cash injection? We often see successful entrepreneurs being their own source of funding (savings, double jobs etc) and when things start to look promising they then reach out to their immediate circle of what we like to call ‘friends, family & fools’.
Remember that this is your journey, don’t compare yourself to others and scale at your own pace; you are in the driving seat and you should seek funding when you least need it. The more mature and successful your company is, the more attractive you’ll be to investors, and the better the deals you’ll get. Being desperate will almost certainly get you the raw end of the deal.
Besides, chasing funding is a full-time role that requires a lot of preparation and leg work and a lot of knowledge. You’ll be expected to be an expert and know your business and market inside and out. Thus, if you’re not careful, chasing the dollar can distract from your core business. This is true when you are raising equity and even more when it comes to grants.
A well-crafted grant application requires several days of work and a really good track record, therefore, do not apply to every grant that looks remotely relevant, but focus on your business and be laser focused with a putting together a few outstanding applications. As a rule of thumb, the best applications and funding sources will come from within your network, hence you should focus on nourishing your connections with the entrepreneurial ecosystem rather than applying blindly to all the grants out there. Losing focus is a key danger for any entrepreneur and should be avoided at all costs.
Bootstrapping your business will help you build a strong MVP (minimum viable product) and define a clear value proposition to your company, meaning that your product is well defined, your team is strong, you have traction (sales), you know your industry and competition and you have your financial projections.
You also need to be absolutely clear about the type of (funding?) you want (such as debt, equity, grants) and how you’ll use it. There are many different sources too. We’ve come up with a list of ten:
– Angel Investors
– Venture Capital
– Incubators and Accelerators
– Contests, grants and competitions
– Bank loans
– Business loans
– Government programs
– The sale of products, assets, or the use of credit cards.
Ultimately, whatever options you will go for, you are seeking to build credibility in your product/service, your team, and in your market.
So now, do you think you are ready to raise funding? Here some things you might want to understand before approaching an investor.
As someone once told us, ‘VCs are just bankers wearing jeans’, as such they have their way of operating and a very specific lexicon you must understand if you want to stand a chance of taking their money.
What follows is a short glossary of terms that you’ll hear in investors circles, this is by no means exhaustive and we advise you do your own research on platforms like Investopedia or Crunchbase.
Ticket size: how much money you’re raising.
Funding ‘Rounds’: the rounds of funding that a startup goes through to raise capital and is usually defined by ticket size and growth stage. For example: Seed round, Angel round, Series A, IPO.
Due diligence: the research that investors do on yourself, your company and team before investing.
Valuation: the valuation of your company before an investment is made. With startups, it is most likely objective and the best way to define this is by looking at market value based on historic sales of similar businesses. Don’t waste time with other methods such as discounted cashflow if you have only been trading on and off for a couple of years.
Pre-valuation: the valuation of your company before an investment is made.
Post-valuation: the valuation of your company after an investment is made.
Cap Table: the capitalization table expressing % of ownership and value of equity in each round of investment.
Term sheet: bullet-point document outlining the material terms and conditions of a business agreement.
Convertible notes: It is a hybrid security with debt- and equity-like features that the holder can convert into a specified number of shares.
Key metrics that will get you noticed by investors
Existing customers: how many, feedback, user insights.
Traffic & conversion: cost of acquisition, activation strategies, customer retention, referral strategy.
Revenue and unit economics: profit per unit sold.
Stage of product development: functioning MVPs are better than mockups.
Documentation that investors want to see:
1. One Pager: Text fitting on an A4 paper summarising key info about your business and what you’re looking to raise
2. PitchDeck: to present, little text.
3. PitchDeck: to send, should have some text to be able to read through without comments.
4. Financial model with assumptions.
5. Cap Table.
6. Profile on Angel List, Crunchbase (or other investment sites).
If you’re an entrepreneur you already know that transforming an idea into a profitable business takes time, commitment and investment but you will agree when we say that money is only one part of the equation.
As a final remark, remember that not all money was created equal: if you do go ahead and raise capital from investors, be sure to perform your due diligence on them ensuring they are bringing forth their expertise, market opportunities, and shared values along with the cash.
Quote for Thought: “My secret sauce is to invest in companies that make things Faster, Better and Cheaper rather than Brave New World businesses.”
Have a lovely week!
Author: Maxwell Ampong
Maxwell Ampong is the CEO of Maxwell Investments Group, a Trading and Business Solutions provider. He is also the Business Advisor for the General Agricultural Workers’ Union of TUC (Gh). He writes about trending and relevant economic topics, and general perspective pieces.